Global Engineering Capability Review
This category measures the strength and sophistication of the engineering industry using four indicators, including the total US dollar value of engineering exports, and the percentage of manufacturing value added by medium and high-tech industries (a proxy for the sophistication of the local engineering sector).
Rwanda: Rebuilding after genocide
Rwanda is ranked 12th for one indicator: the percentage of medium and large companies in engineering fields as a percentage of all medium and large companies in the country.
This reflects concerted efforts to rebuild the country following the 1994 genocide. Rwanda has attracted much international aid, but the government has sought to convert this into investment, focusing on infrastructure projects and offering companies significant tax incentives for doing business in the country .
Indeed, Rwanda ranks second highest in sub-Saharan Africa in terms of ease of doing business,  having implemented the largest number of related reforms in the region over the past 15 years. These have included measures to streamline the processes for starting a business, obtaining credit and registering property (in the latter two areas Rwanda ranks among the best in the world). The country has also actively encouraged information and communications technology (ICT) training, seeing this as a facilitator of further investment. There are concerns, however, that two major engineering and construction companies linked to the ruling party and the army have received a disproportionately large number of government contracts.
Rwanda has sought to convert international aid into investment in infrastructure projects